The populations are 99% Moslem. Turkey is secular state and recognizes freedom of worship. It is the only country in the world in which Mosques, churches and synagogues have peacefully for centuries.
Facts For Visitors
Turkey, known as “the cradle of civilizations,” hosted the first human settlement on its soil, which has been dated as 12,000 years old. Turkey is also the home of ancient cultures, including the Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Urartians, Lycians, Lydian’s, Ionians, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk’s and Ottomans, Following the decline of the Ottomans Empire, the modern Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal, known as Ataturk, and army general and World war a hero. Ataturk is revered in Turkey and is cited as one of the worlds greatest statesman
The climate varies from region to region:
Marmara, Aegean and the Mediterranean coast: Typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters.
Black sea coast: Temperate climate with warm summer, mild winters and relatively high rainfall.
Central Anatolia: Hot, dry summers and cold winters.
Eastern Anatolia: Long snowy, cold winters and mild summers.
Southeastern Anatolia: Hot summers with mild, rainy winters.
Average Daily Tempters (of)
Jan. Apr. Jul. Oct.
Istanbul 43 54 75 61
Antalya 52 63 84 56
Izmir 48 61 82 66
Diyarbakir 35 57 88 65
Language:The Turkish Language uses a Latin-based alphabet, Visitors will find that many Turkish people in large cities speaks English, French and Garman and extremely helpful in assisting revelers with directions etc.
Currency: The national Monterey system is the Turkish lira (TL) the coinage is in 1 kurus, 5 kurus, 10 kurus, 25 kurus, 50 kurus and 1 lira pieces. Bank notes are in denominations of 5 lira-, 10 lira-, 20 lira-, 50 lira- 100lira and 200 lira. The exchange rates for foreign currencies are published daily. American dollars, traveler’s checks and major credit cards are widely accepted and there are ATM machines throughout the various tourism centers
The high plateau landscape is bordered by the Black sea Mountain chain (The Pontiac Alps) to the north and the Taurus Mountains to the south. Turkey’s diverse terrain includes mountains, steppe lands, Lakelands, rivers coastal plains forests and rich agricultural valleys.
71 million in 2008 Major cities include Istanbul (12, 5 million) the capital city of Ankara (4, 5 million), Izmir (3, 5 million),
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