The mother of these dances were the street entertainers called the "Ghawazees",the Romany (Gypsy) dancers of Egypt.These public performers, delighted Egyptians and scandalized many foreign visitors. Egyptian and Turkish cultures merged during the Turkish occupation of Egypt between 1517 and the early 1900s. As the dance became more theatricalized under the Ottoman rule of Egypt, it began disconnecting from the Ghawazee (Romany) roots. It evolved further into its current theaterical state thanks to the influence of the English and Europeans. This highly expressive and beautifuy art form employs intricate hip and torso articuations, shimmies of the shoulders and hips and exrpessive arms and hands.