The goblet drum is a goblet shaped hand drum used in Arabic music, Persian music, Balkan music, Armenian music, Azeri music, Jewish music and Turkish music. Its thin, responsive drumhead and resonance help it produce a distinctively crisp sound. It is of ancient origin, and is believed by some to have been invented before the chair.
The instrument is known by different names in different regions. These names all refer to a goblet-shaped drum; however, the construction and playing methods of each are so varied as to make many of them different instruments altogether. Nowhere outside the United States is the drum called Dumbek or Doumbeck, regardless how similar the name might seem. Darbakeh/Tarabuka (General), Doumbek/Doumbeg (Armenian), Dumbul/Dunbul (Azeri), Tarambuke (Balkan), Tombak/Tonbak (Iranian)
African drums such as the Djembe are related in origin through the African connection, but are rarely included in discussions of the goblet drum.
The great goblet drum has a single drum head on one end and is open on the other end. The body may be made of beaten, cast, or spun metal, ceramic (often with a glued-on head) or wood. Materials for the head include synthetics such as PET film or FiberSkyn, as well as more traditional animal skins, such as goat or fish. In general, goblet drums tend to have much lighter heads than African or Indian drums.
While ceramic bodies with skin heads are usually considered to have the best tone, metal bodies and Mylar heads are generally favored by professional musicians because of their practicality, since they are far more durable, easily tunable, and insensitive to weather conditions. Furthermore, drums with Mylar skins can be played very loudly, making them well-matched with modern brass and electric instruments.
The West African djembe, a related instrument, is larger and made from a log carved into a goblet shape.
Seido Salifoski is teaching Turkish stayle darbuka in folk tours dance & music camp
Name for some are Turkish classical rhythms used
2 time "Signature" or "usul": "Nim Sofyan"
3 time “Signature" or "usul": "Semai"
4 time “Signature" or "usul": "Sofyan"
5 time "Signature" or "usul": "Turk Aksagi"
6 time "Signature" or "usul" "Yoruk Semai"
7 time "Signature" or "usul" "Devr-i Turan" and "Devr-i Hindi"
8 time "Signature" or "usul" "Duyek" and "Musemmen"
9 time "Signature" or "usul" Aksak", Evfer" and "Raks Aksagi"
10 time "Signature" or "usul" "Aksak Semai" and "Oynak"